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Special Topics: Earth

The Climate Factor
Climate affects all of our lives every day. It determines our forms of shelter, clothing and the food we eat. This video analyzes its impact upon the world population. In the past, climate changes caused whole populations to move and as scientists surmise, were responsible for the disappearance of the dinosaur. Trace the geological changes the Earth has undergone in the past 100 million years. [color, 25 minutes] $29.95 ST0010


earth’s future climate
Dr. James Kasting, NASA Ames Research Center, discusses how Earth’s carbon dioxide cycle may lead to a “greenhouse” effect on Earth. [color, 27 minutes] $29.95 ST0065


earth’s air
Joel Levine, NASA Langley Research Center, talks about the Earth’s atmosphere, its composition, and how it has changed over geologic time. [color, 27 minutes] $29.95 ST0064

Hurricane Alicia is shown as it was tracked from its beginnings in the Gulf of Mexico to its violent and deadly landfall at Galveston, Texas in August, 1983. Using the sights and sounds of Hurricane Alicia this documentary examines the impact of hurricanes on the people who forecast them, those who work to minimize the loss from hurricanes, and those who aid in recovery efforts. [color, 29 minutes] $29.95 ST0011


origins of life on earth
Dr. Antonio Lascano, University of Mexico, describes possible origins of life on Earth. [color, 28 1/2 minutes] $29.95 ST0066

Great Sand Dunes, The
Geology in motion…the desert winds carry and drop the sand in a smooth, mystifying procession of nature. This video takes the student to the peaceful yet ever-changing Great Sand Dunes in Colorado - some reaching an amazing 700 feet in height. You’ll learn about saltation - the formation of rippled sand patterns - and travel paths explored by Zebulon Pike. [color, 15 minutes] $29.95 ST0007


This video discusses the findings of a team of experts from the NBS Center for Building Technology and the U.S. Geological Survey who assessed structural damage done to buildings in Mexico City during the September 1985 earthquake. [color, 20 minutes] $29.95 ST0009

Mt. st. helens - road to recovery
This video focuses on the horrendous devastation of 100,000 acres in the blast zone, and the efforts of the USDA Forest Service, and State government agencies to bring the land back. The eruption took place on Sunday, May 18, 1980 at 8:32 am. What followed changed the contour of the land—wiping out lakes, clogging rivers so they “burned” and leveling tens of thousands of fir trees—killing thousands of animals, and taking more than two dozen human lives. [color, 29 minutes] $29.95 ST0048

Crater Lake
Explore man’s relationship with the rugged terrain of Crater Lake National Park in Oregon, from prehistoric times to the present. See how westward expansion impacted upon the native population against a background of long-held beliefs, attitudes towards the land, and ancient legends. [color, 18 minutes] $29.95 ST0049

examination of life
This program begins by stating several characteristics of life. Of all the planets in our solar system, Earth is the only one known to have life. Scientists are not sure how life on Earth began. Early 1960s work on the origin of life by university and NASA scientists is shown. Several terms describing building blocks of life are explained. [color, 28 1/2 minutes] $29.95 ST0057

X-rays provide information on invisible interiors while satellites, such as Landsat, furnish otherwise inaccessible details about our planet. This film describes the operations of Landsat, a remarkable instrument for detecting pollution, forecasting earthquakes, and predicting crop yield. Unlike the eye which can observe only the visible light spectrum, the satellite’s cameras observe usually invisible bands of electromagnetic radiation. [color, 14 1/2 minutes] $29.95 ST0074

Weather just does not happen; it is caused. This film describes all three weather scales—the microphysical (tiny particles), middle (front and cells), and global (layers of atmosphere)—that are interrelated in a total system. One of the benefits of the Space Shuttle is the opportunity to test these conditions in zero-g. In addition the solar wind can be observed and tested from a more advantageous position. [color, 14 1/2 minutes] $29.95 ST0075


Shows how NASA’s weather scientists, in cooperation with other agencies, use aircraft and satellites to gather meteorological data. The film depicts how recent advances, particularly in computer technology, have improved weather analysis and prediction. Also contains unusual footage of tornado formation, as well as actual shots of its awesome force. [color, 14 1/2 minutes] $29.95 ST0076

This program covers a series of discussions on meetings between Earth Resources scientists and fictitious power company officials who use remote satellite sensing to select a route across the state of South Dakota for a power line. [color, 30 minutes] $29.95 ST0081

This program examines uses of remotely sensed data in mineral exploration. The program focuses on finding the most promising location of mining operation. [color, 29 minutes] $29.95 ST0082

This program is a classic National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) production in which the many satellites that watch over conditions on Earth are discussed. [color, 28 minutes] $29.95 ST0083

Earth Views From Shuttle Flights
This production features Earth views compiled from a variety of video footage shot during Shuttle missions. Included are parts of North America, South America, Africa, and the Middle East. Also includes views of Hurricane Elena, an Earth sunrise, and a day/night Earth terminator. [color, 26 minutes] $29.95

This video explains a region of the Earth’s atmosphere, the magnetosphere. Included is a description of how the magnetosphere works, how its energy releases, and the effects of the sun’s eruptions. Also included is an explanation of solar wind and aurora, was well as an extensive description of the information provided by the Landsat satellite. [color, 29 minutes] $29.95 ST0138

This video presents the principle features of the aurora—one of the most mysterious and fascinating of natural phenomena. The video shows the theories of its cause and the instruments and techniques used in studying it. The life and experiences of a graduate student working under Dr. Sydney Chapman at the Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska, are also shown. [color, 15 minutes] $29.95 ST0141

This video tape contains the following three (3) titles:

    This video describes the mission, planned jointly by NASA and the European Space Agency, to explore the atmosphere around the sun. Using information obtained from Skylab, the program discusses the sun’s corona and electromagnetic field, as well as solar wind and solar flares. [color, 10 minutes]
    An animated video depicting how our sun and planets were formed. The film further explains how, through NASA’s space probes, we discovered the Van Allen belt and how Earth is protected from solar wind and ion particles by the magnetosphere. Finally, it depicts how a star dies. [color, 6 minutes]
    This animated video teaches names, lineup, and characteristics of planets in our solar system. It is sung to a catchy tune, “My Very Educated Mother Just Served Us Nine Pizza Pies.” [color, 6 minutes]
Order “Ulysses: A Voyage to The Sun,” “Earth-Sun Relationship,” and “Our Solar System” (all on the same video tape) by using ST0140 — ULYSSES/EARTH-SUN/OUR SOLAR SYSTEM.

Protecting and improving home and environment is the subject of this video. Spacecraft studies of Earth for inventory of resources and detection of pollution are illustrated, along with advanced technologies for acquiring energy from the sun and the wind. New sewage treatment facilities and energy-saving household devices are also illustrated. [color, 15 minutes] $29.95 ST0142

This video discusses the Earth’s magnetic field and how changes in the sun’s surface, such as sunspots, affect Earth's environment. It mentions the phenomenon of the aurora in the Arctic and explains how the space shuttle will carry experiments to probe the magnetosphere and predict possible ozone-layer and weather-pattern changes. [color, 16 minutes] $29.95 ST0143

This video looks at how the Landsat satellite supplies a new kind of data for land-use mapping and wildlife-habitat mapping. The satellite’s multispectral scanning instruments record the spectral signatures, or reflectance values, of the components of the Earth’s surface. Imagery is used to monitor land development. Animal biologists are using data to identify habitats for the relocation of endangered animal species. [color, 15 minutes] $29.95 ST0149
The video introduces the Landsat satellite as one partial solution to the world’s need to survey and monitor agricultural resources. The satellite’s imagery is being used experimentally to increase the accuracy of crop production and inventory estimates. Three governmental agencies are cooperating in the Large Area Crop Inventory Experiment to see how Landsat can be used to estimate crop production on a worldwide basis. By providing a comprehensive view of our forest lands, the satellite information may help improve our management in the area of forestry. Satellite imagery can also help control insect destruction of crops and trees by pinpointing infested areas for spraying. [color, 15 minutes] $29.95 ST0150

Examines the ways in which Landsat may serve as a tool in searching for minerals and monitoring geological hazards. The satellite can reveal fractures or faults that may indicate past, present, and potential volcanic and earthquake activity. Faults are also the pathways minerals used to make their way from deep within the earth to its surface. By revealing fractures and rock alterations, Landsat imagery can aid in the exploration for minerals. [color, 16 minutes] $29.95 ST0151

The video discusses how Landsat’s remote sensing capabilities can aid in resolving environmental quality problems. The satellite can locate and monitor strip-mining operations to facilitate land reclamation programs. The satellite helps solve some meteorological mysteries by tracking the path of airborne pollution. It can also monitor the course of industrial wastes and garbage dumped into our lakes, rivers, and coastal areas. [color, 16 minutes] $29.95 ST0152
Explores how Landsat’s remote sensing capabilities help resolve water resource problems. The satellite is providing information to hydrologists about snowfall in the mountains, enabling them to estimate the basic water supply available. Landsat helps control floods, by monitoring flood plains and by mapping snow packs and potentially dangerous manmade lakes. [color, 15 minutes] $29.95 ST0153

This video dramatically shows how various moisture conditions can contribute to flooding and the disastrous results which can follow. Ground saturation, melting snow and precipitation are among the factors considered. It illustrates how new advances made by NASA in the field of Earth resources technology through remote sensing satellite devices can help locate potential flood areas and provide more accurate predictions and early warning. [color, 14 minutes] $29.95 ST0154

This video dramatically discusses and explains the weather conditions which lead to the formation of tornadoes. Emphasis is placed on the movements of air currents and the disastrous results which may follow. It shows how NASA weather satellites are used to monitor and collect data on weather conditions and cloud formation to enable us to make more precise predictions and give early warning of impending disaster. [color, 15 minutes] $29.95 ST0157

The video presents the gripping story of the plight of an commercial fishing vessel caught in the path of a “killer” hurricane. The video dramatically shows the birth of “Mimi” off the coast of Africa, carefully tracing its growth and development as it eventually brings destruction to the central Atlantic states. These events are powerfully portrayed against the successful efforts of the crew of the dagger “Dante” to escape by navigating around the center of the storm with the aid of modern technology, ship-to-shore communications and early-warning-weather satellites monitoring the “Hurricane Below.” [color, 14 minutes] $29.95 ST0158
This video dramatically illustrates the causes of earthquakes, such as the conditions which lead to faulting of the Earth’s crust, and the devastation to man and property which results. It shows how NASA Earth Resources Technology (redesignated Landsat) satellites are used to locate faults and help determine movement in the Earth’s crust in an effort to learn how to predict quakes and give early warning. [color, 15 minutes] $29.95 ST0155

The contents of this film provide excellent illustrations of sources of pollution and the effects of pollution on weather and other aspects of our environment. It dramatizes the dangers of pollution to the community and its surroundings. The video illustrates how recent advances made by NASA through remote sensing satellite devices can help us to better understand, prevent, and locate pollution and its sources. [color, 14 minutes] $29.95 ST0156

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